Periodontics is a dental specialty that focuses on the health and appearance of the gums and the supporting structures of the teeth. At Madison Dental Arts, we offer both cosmetic periodontal procedures to lengthen or reduce gum tissue as well as restorative procedures to treat gum disease and repair its damage. These treatments include:
One of the main procedures done today by the Periodontist is the placement of dental implants for future restoration of your teeth by your dentist. We work very closely with our Periodontist to insure the final outcome is the best it can be for our patients.
Scaling and Root Planing
Scaling and root planing is the first line of treatment for periodontal disease. This non-surgical procedure involves scaling the tooth by removing deposits of plaque and tartar from below the gum line, then smoothing the root of the teeth to encourage the gum tissue to reattach and heal, eliminating the pockets where plaque collects. Scaling and root planing is a simple, effective treatment that allows us to reverse gum disease.
Whether due to gum disease or a missing tooth, bone loss in the jaw can cause teeth to become loose. As bone loss progresses, teeth may start to shift in the mouth or even fall out. With periodontal splinting, we use a special wire to stabilize teeth, along with composite resin, crowns, veneers, or inlays and onlays.
Crown lengthening can be performed in order to facilitate a restorative dental procedure or for cosmetic reasons (i.e., correcting a “gummy smile”). During this procedure, gum tissue and/or bone surrounding the teeth are removed in order to expose more of the tooth structure.
With age, periodontal disease, or rough brushing, gums can begin to recede, creating a “long in the tooth” appearance and causing tooth sensitivity. Gum grafting transplants tissue from the roof of the mouth to where it is needed on the teeth.
When bone loss occurs in the jaw, it’s important to restore it for both functional and aesthetic purposes. Bone grafting is a simple surgical procedure that uses either your own bone, donor bone, or synthetic material to strengthen the jawbone. As the grafting material and your jaw fuse together, it can improve appearance and create a stable base to support dental implants.
Osseous Surgery (Pocket Depth Reduction)
When additional treatment is needed after scaling and root planing, we may recommend osseous surgery. This periodontal procedure makes the pockets that have formed between the teeth and gums shallower; this keeps plaque and tartar from collecting, minimizing the potential for bone damage.
Bone regeneration is similar to bone grafting. Both procedures are used when bone loss has occurred in the jaw, but unlike bone grafting, bone regeneration uses tissue-stimulating proteins and membranes instead of bone material to stimulate the body to regrow the bone.
If tooth loss or extraction has left you with a weakened area around the empty socket, ridge preservation can be used to regenerate the bone. Once the weakened area has been strengthened, dental implants can be placed.
Call us today at 212-532-1400 to schedule a dental appointment.